Man/Yangcheng School Reporter Chen Zeyun Wu Shan
Figure/Yangcheng School Reporter Chen Zeyun
On the 14th, according to the World Health Organization, The organization calls for the gradual removal of artificial trans fats from the global processed food system within the next five years. A reporter from the Yangcheng School of Investigation found that many foods such as cakes, bread, biscuits, and popcorn that are consumed daily contain margarine, which is the main source of artificial trans fat. Some operators have stated that it is more difficult to completely eradicate, the cost will increase, and the appearance of food will also be affected.
Industry sources pointed out that the greatest health hazard of trans fat is to increase people's risk of cardiovascular disease. It has been estimated that trans fat intake globally causes more than 500,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease. Experts pointed out that in the long-term, zero-intake diets may not be possible due to a small amount of trans fats in natural foods. However, artificial trans-fats that are actively used will gradually withdraw from the stage of history and will gradually be gradually reduced in the food industry. Eliminated.
Is trans fat?
It is reported that the World Health Organization released on the 14th the "replacement" action guidance program, plans to completely eliminate artificial trans fats used in the global food supply chain by 2023.
Trans fats, also known as trans fatty acids, are There is a small amount of natural trans fat in beef and mutton, milk and its products. The main source of artificial trans fats is partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, namely margarine. In addition, shortening, non-dairy creamers, creamers, artificial fats, hydrogenated vegetable oils, and refined vegetable oils are all ingredients containing trans fats. Trans fats are common in snacks, baked goods, and fried foods because of their longer shelf life.
Low prices and high prices
A reporter from Yangcheng School visited and found that artificial butter is commonly used in cakes, bread, biscuits, popcorn and other foods. These foods are not only sold well but are also popular with children.
In a community convenience store in GuangzhouIn the "Shiduo", the Yangcheng school reporter saw that, during school hours, the convenience store was full of middle school students wearing school uniforms. They chose snacks such as bread and cakes in front of the shelves. Yangcheng school reporters picked up a pack of 90g randomly." Crown Danish Cookies found that the trans fatty acids in the box of biscuits were 0.7g/100g.
In the bread container area, the reporter of the Yangcheng School saw that many of the bread's ingredient lists were clearly written with " "Margarine" ingredients.
According to reports, this oil has the advantages of high temperature resistance, non-perishable, long storage, etc., and is commonly used in fried chicken, French fries, popcorn, biscuits, cakes and other foods.
A reporter from Yangcheng School paid a visit to some bakeries such as "Day of Duoluo" and "Brazilian New Language" and noticed that various types of bread were marked with "light cream". The clerk told the reporter that the light cream was Animal cream, which does not contain trans fats, however, reporters have also noticed that these "animal cream" ingredients are bread, which is generally more expensive than margarine.
Hazardous, different national regulations Rong>
Many trans fats have been considered as a breakthrough invention because they can extend the shelf life of fried and baked goods, coupled with low costs. But in recent years, more and more According to medical research, trans fat has no health benefits, and the less intake, the better.
Industry sources pointed out that the biggest health hazard of trans fat is that it will increase people's risk of cardiovascular disease. It poses a potential threat to public health. WHO estimates that trans fat intake globally causes more than 500,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide.
It is worth noting that in recent years there have been Some medical studies have found that trans fats not only endanger physical health but also have an impact on mental health.
A study completed by the University of the State of San Diego in 2015 found that people who consume more trans fat will appear "Emotionally difficult", that is, the level of "clearness" of emotion is low. Conversely, people with less trans fat intake can control their emotions better.
Facing the trans The harm that fat may cause to human body, many countries take the measure The regulatory body requirements in some countries, must indicate trans fat on food packagingFat content, and some countries are gradually blocking the trans fat. Among them, Denmark is the first country in the world to take measures to restrict the use of trans fats.
China has also focused on trans fats many years ago. From January 1, 2013, China began to implement the new General Rules for Nutrition Labelling of Prepackaged Food. According to regulations, if the ingredient list contains hydrogenated vegetable oils or trans fat-containing substances, the trans fat content should be marked in the nutrient composition table.
In the General Regulations, it is also suggested that: "The daily intake of trans fatty acids should not exceed 2.2g, excessive intake of harmful health. Trans-fatty acid intake should be less than 1% of the total daily energy, Too much harmful to health. Excessive intake of trans fatty acids can increase blood cholesterol, thereby increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease."
However, comparing domestic and international restrictions on the trans fat, can be seen Relative regulations to China are more relaxed. In this regard, Zhu Yi, associate professor of the College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering at China Agricultural University, said that due to different dietary methods, the average intake of trans-fatty acids in China is not so high. “Not to worry.”
According to the risk assessment released by the National Food Safety Risk Assessment Center in 2013, the energy provided by Chinese residents' dietary trans fats accounted for 0.16% of the total dietary energy and 0.25% for urban residents. . Even in major cities such as Beijing and Guangzhou, 97% of the residents' trans fats do not contribute more than 0.72% of the total dietary energy, which is lower than the 1% limit recommended by the World Health Organization. Intake of residents of developed countries.
Zero intake is difficult, but artificial trans fats will gradually exit
"Chinese average trans fat intake for the Chinese The amount is still not causing concern, but for the urban population, we should still meet high standards and strict requirements and also move closer to the international ban, said Zhu Yi.
Zhu Yi also reminded that due to various reasons, trans Fat does not completely disappear. "First, trans fat means that the molecular structure of the molecule is the opposite of the structure of fatty acids in natural foods, but natural foods themselves also contain certain trans fats."Shows that there are trans fats in beef and mutton, dairy products, fruits and vegetables.
There is also a small amount of trans fat in natural foods, so zero intake may not be possible. However, Zhu Yi said that the active use of trans fat is definitely going to withdraw from the stage of history and will be gradually eliminated and eliminated in the food industry.
Impact: Accelerating food companies to “shuffle”
Guangdong is a province of food production. Not only is there a large number of food companies, but also Jiashili and Likoufu , Xu Fuji and other well-known snack pastry biscuit production enterprises. Will the artificial trans fat restriction issued by WHO impact these companies?
The reporter of Yangcheng School sent the relevant person in charge of Li Koufu and Xu Fuji. Among them, the person in charge of Likoufu said that the relatively high-end butter that the brand's cakes have been used for is not expected to have much impact. Xu Fuji said that the impact remains to be observed.
A food analyst, Zhu Danpeng, in an interview with a reporter from the Yangcheng City, affirmed that gradually restricting man-made trans fats would be a "good thing" for the entire industry if forced to execute. “Promoting the inter-industry wash-up will lift the entire industrial structure upwards.” Zhu Dan Peng said that there will be some impact when companies adjust, but in the long run, it will help upgrade the Chinese consumer market.
"For reducing the use of artificial trans fats, many companies are waiting to see, but some companies have already advanced themselves and they will be better able to win channels and consumers." Zhu Dan Peng pointed out that For consumers, they are not just looking at China's cost-effectiveness, they also value "big health."
Nominal 0 trans fat is not really free
Why did you pay attention to the ingredients list when you bought bread and other pastries in the supermarket? The main source of artificial trans fats is partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, namely margarine. However, the reporters from Yangcheng School visited a number of supermarkets and convenience stores a few days ago and found that many of the products clearly indicated “margarine” in the ingredient labeling, but the trans fat content was “0” in the nutrition composition table.
At a convenience store, Yangcheng School reporter saw , identified as "X Chau"A brand of purple potato bread, a cream cake labeled “X Dayton”, a caramel popcorn labeled “XX Girl”, and a French bun labeled “X Pan”. "Margarine" appears on the ingredient list, but the trans fat content is listed in the nutrient composition table as "0".
Normally, people think that "0" is no, trans fat is 0, that is, the content is 0. The Yangcheng School reporter learned from a number of experts engaged in nutrition research. Experts said that the trans fat in the nutrition composition table is “0,” which is not really 0, but rather low in content.
"According to China's "General Rules for Nutrition Labeling of Prepackaged Food," the general food company may mark the trans fat content as 0 when the content of trans fat in 100g food is less than 0.3g. There is no contradiction between the ingredient list and the nutrition label."
However, beware of the use of 0 by some businesses to “blind” consumers. In the false advertisement advertisement No. 1 of 2014 published by the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Industry and Commerce, the potato wish (potato puffed food) under Hollyoos was exposed as a typical false and illegal advertisement case. Haori Yoshihachi has declared that "the taste is crunchy, not greasy; and 100% does not contain trans fat", and the Shanghai Administration of Industry and Commerce used a falsified advertising agency to impose a fine of 50,000 yuan.
Experts say there are many ingredients that contain trans fats. People often pay attention only to margarine and do not pay attention to the multiple vests that contain trans fat in the ingredients list. For example, the ingredients in the list of ingredients such as shortening, non-dairy creamer, creamer, artificial fat, hydrogenated vegetable oil, refined vegetable oil, etc. are all ingredients containing trans fat. “When purchasing food, we should carefully check the ingredient ingredients, can not let' 0' covers the eyes. (More news, please pay attention to Yangcheng pai.ycwb.com)
Responsible | Fan Mei Ling