Original title: British media said China will build a giant panda National Park: the protection of 8000 kinds of animals and plants
Reference News Network reported on April 3rdChina plans to build a Giant Panda Sanctuary three times the size of Yellowstone National Park in the United States to increase the wild population of the endangered species, British media said.
The vast area will link up 67 existing panda reserves on six isolated mountain ranges, the Guardian newspaper website reported on March 31st. The country hopes the merger will help giant pandas break population isolation and mate, thereby enriching the gene pool, Xinhua reported.
The number of giant pandas increased by 17% in 2003 -2013, and the World Conservation Union changed the category of giant panda from endangered to vulnerable last year".
It is estimated that China has 1864 wild pandas, the main threat they face in the wild is habitat loss, and by 2025, China hopes to increase the figure to 2000.
In addition to giant pandas, the National Park will help protect 8000 endangered animals and plants, Xinhua said.
It will also ensure that an agency is responsible for protecting giant pandas in the parks across Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan. At present, when these animals cross the border, they fall into different jurisdictions.
"This will protect biodiversity and provide protection for the entire ecosystem," Hou Rong, director of the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Center in Sichuan, told xinhua. Many scientists and conservation experts support the construction of national parks, she said.
In recent years, through combined with artificial breeding, reintroduction and establishment of national parks and other measures to increase the number of giant pandas. But the IUCN warns that these increases could be reversed by climate change, which is expected to reduce habitat by more than 1/3 over the next 80 years.
The new reserve will join eight other national parks that aim to protect endangered species and the ecology of major rivers, such as the Yellow River and the Yangtze river.
There are now about 200 pandas in captivity, and China has achieved some success in increasing the number of pandas in zoos, but concerns about inbreeding have been made.
Last year, 64 pandas were bred in nature reserves and zoos, with 54 surviving, the State Forestry Administration said.
In 2003, China giant panda protection and Research Center started reintroduction project, has released seven pandas, but there are two deaths.
"Past experience has taught us how much national parks contribute to the environment and ecology of a country," says David Welter, a senior scientist at the Smithson Institute for conservation biology."
He said: "I am very glad to see Chinese in giant panda breeding and reintroduction breakthrough. But now it is time to test whether these measures will work in the new National Park system." (compile / Li Sha)