The Ministry of education has unified the new compulsory educationMorality and the rule of law, Chinese, historyTeaching materials will beSeptember 1stPut into use throughout the country.
According to the central unified system of three materials, with three years to achieve full coverage for the 2017 fall semester, all in the first grade national primary school and junior high school the first grade use of textbooks, 2018 covering junior grade one or two primary school, 2019 all grade all use textbooks.
Head of the teaching materials bureau:
One three teaching materials from the start of 2012, completed in 2017, lasted for five years. First, through the recommendation, review, in the nationwide selection of political position firm, professional academic level of higher discipline experts, discipline education experts, excellent teaching and research staff and teachers composed of writing team. Two is to write the group, strictly according to the outline of the development - write sample chapter - write the first draft - modify the perfect procedure, write seriously. The three is to test the suitability of teaching materials, teaching trial, both East and West, city and countryside, has selected a number of provinces of the more than 300 schools, attending lectures, teachers and students face to face communication, listen to opinions, revise and improve the teaching materials.
Morality and the rule of law teaching materials: special topics such as Chinese dream
Primary school textbooks "morality and law" consists of 12 volumes, the close degree of teaching materials according to children's life and the six major areas: my arrangements from the near to the distant, the healthy growth of our family life, our school life, our community and public life, our national life, our common world. In the same field of life, according to the difficulty of learning, the spiral arrangement is adopted.
There are 6 books on morality and the rule of law in junior high school. They are arranged around individuals, families, schools, societies, countries and the world.
The compilation of the textbook "morality and the rule of law" has set up the Chinese dream and the overall national security concept.
In the aspect of China's excellent traditional culture and educationIt introduces the contents of traditional festivals, folk songs, folk songs, traditional virtues, national spirits, ancient glories and achievements in science and technology. Primary school stage through the Spring Festival, the Chinese nation Tomb-sweeping Day and other important traditional festivals and traditional etiquette, as well as the most representative of the ancient text, scientific and technological achievements, improve the students in the traditional culture of intimacy and sensibility. Junior high school in different types of activities cited, introduced the Chinese traditional culture in the concept, characters, stories, etc., in order to guide students to feel their own growth and the relationship between Chinese culture, and enhance cultural self-confidence.
In terms of revolutionary traditional educationPay attention to cultivate the students' love for the motherland, and cherish the history of the motherland. For example, to cultivate students' patriotism by raising the national flag, national anthem and other details of life and China's achievements in economic and social development; again, select the important characters and the facts of modern China history, tells the story of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and other revolutionary leaders, major events, and the Revolutionary Army built in, Qiu Shaoyun, Lei Feng etc. the typical hero, highlighting the "Jinggangshan spirit" and "spirit" and "Yanan spirit" and "Xibaipo Spirit" and "two bombs and one satellite" spirit "manned space spirit", cultivate students' patriotic love for the party and socialist feelings.
In the rule of law educationThe rule of law, organic integration of knowledge, cultivate the consciousness of rule of law, according to the party's the fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee "the establishment of legal knowledge curriculum in primary and secondary schools, put on the sixth grade and junior high school grade eight primary school settings for the rule of law education special book, teaching and strengthen the system of constitution. Other textbooks are distributed and embedded in relevant content to ensure the continuous development of the rule of law education and the continuous process of the whole course. Primary school involves more than 30 laws and regulations, junior high school involves more than 50 laws and regulations, 6 regulations and judicial interpretations.
Chinese Textbooks: increase ancient poetry, add special columns
The Chinese textbooks are arranged in the form of "two lines of elements", "Chinese accomplishment" and "humanistic spirit". From one to six grades, each book has 6 to 8 units, consisting of text, oral communication, exercises, and language plots. Each unit is 3 to 4 of the text, including "Chinese garden" by the word "days and months multiplying" "writing tips and other columns; seven to nine grade each volume of 6 units, including reading and writing two plates, each unit to arrange the" oral communication "and" comprehensive study "" masterpiece "extracurricular reading guide" ancient poetry reading "column; eight to nine grade in each book set 1" activity - inquiry "unit, a prominent task of learning concept.
In the aspect of China's excellent traditional culture and educationChinese textbooks add classical poetry. Primary school language has 129 ancient poetry, junior high school language, ancient poetry anthology 132. Selections from diverse genres, "Book of Songs" to the Qing Dynasty poems, from Zhuzi prose to historical prose from the Han Dynasty to the Tang and Song Dynasties, ancient prose, essays of Ming and Qing Dynasties, were presented. Additional topics, such as the "primary school days and months multiplying" column, arrange the traditional culture couplets, idioms, proverbs, textbooks, junior high school "comprehensive study" column, around the "friends" and "faith" and "and" traditional culture, design a series of thematic activities. A large number of compiling textbooks reflect the Chinese traditional culture of the text, such as "the invention of paper" "" "China stone arch bridge, the ancient wisdom of the laboring people praise;" Deng Jiaxian "," the Yellow River song ", carry forward the patriotic dedication, honest and trustworthy, firm and indomitable etc. Chinese traditional virtues.
In terms of revolutionary traditional educationChinese textbooks are mainly represented by selected texts. Both Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, of Deng Xiaoping and other revolutionaries of the older generation of revolutionary experience and contents of their works, but also reflects the revolutionary hero titles, such as Langyashan, Jiang Jie and Huang Jiguang five. Primary school textbook in "Zhu De's pole" "golden fishhook" revolutionary tradition selected about 40 articles, in the junior high school textbook "Bethune Memorial" "memories of my mother" revolutionary tradition selection more than 30. At the same time, guide students to read "red star shining China", "Long March", "Red Rock", "how to make steel" and other classic red classics.
In respect of national sovereignty EducationChinese textbooks are mainly represented by selected texts. Or describe the motherland mountains and the beautiful and magnificent, influence students with beautiful scenery, such as "Paracel Islands" and "beautiful Xingan Ling"; or to show the Chinese nation great and strong national spirit, never yield in spite of reverses to motivate students, with sonorous words, such as "the Yellow River song" "Hukou Waterfall"; or about people of all nationalities to maintain state territorial integrity and defend our motherland waters heroic deeds, to the touching story such as "nourish students," a nameless island "was witnessed China's mother Haitian - the first successful landing of Shipborne fighter sorties".
Chinese: the new textbook cures "reading less"
In contrast to the old version of Chinese textbooks, the content of "national sovereignty education" was added to the "ministry edition edition", and the reading was strengthened again. As the group leader, Peking University textbooks Chinese professor Wen Rumin said: "the new textbook for not reading, reading less problems."
In the content of teaching materials, the Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Ministry of classical Chinese language, including primary school language, 129 ancient poetry, junior high school Chinese poetry anthology 132 articles. Selections from diverse genres, "Book of Songs" to the Qing Dynasty poems, from Zhuzi prose to historical prose from the Han Dynasty to the Tang and Song Dynasties, ancient prose, essays of Ming and Qing Dynasties, were presented. Two is to set up special columns. Such as the "primary school days and months multiplying" column, arrange the traditional culture couplets, idioms, proverbs, textbooks, junior high school "comprehensive study" column, around the "friends" and "faith" and "and" traditional culture, design a series of thematic activities. Three is a compilation of excellent Chinese traditional culture.
In the new version of Chinese textbooks, the status of Chinese characters and reading has been promoted again. Wen said that in the first grade textbooks, the difficulty of Hanyu Pinyin dropped moderately, and the teaching arrangements were correspondingly wrong for more than 1 months. The reason for this arrangement, he explained: "Hanyu Pinyin is only a part of language teaching, is a tool."." Do not want Chinese pinyin to hit children's enthusiasm for learning chinese. Therefore, the opening of the first grade Chinese text will be "you and me", "Jin Mu" to stimulate students' elements, the original feeling Chinese characters. In terms of quantity, the new edition advocate "separating reading and writing", which advocated students to read but not write, to achieve the purpose of the second grade can be read independently. Wen Rumin said, reading is the core of the new textbook. The amount of material in the reading list, although reduced, but the extension has increased, and requires students not only master reading and silent reading, browsing, reading and comparison of various reading methods. "You can say that the new textbooks for not reading, less reading phenomenon."
History textbooks: pay attention to strengthening the education of national sovereignty consciousness
Junior high school history textbooks according to the "point" "line" with the arrangement of teaching content, the "point" is a great historical fact vivid, "line" is the basic law of social development. The concrete presentation is the unit - class - item structure. Subject to the main text, supplemented by functional columns, expand the students' vision, and cultivate students' discipline ability and discipline quality.
In the aspect of China's excellent traditional culture and educationIt is mainly embodied in ancient Chinese history. It covers many aspects of ancient Chinese thought, literature, art, science and technology, involving more than 40 historical and cultural celebrities, and more than 30 scientific and cultural works.
In terms of revolutionary traditional educationThe textbook, introduced a system of Chinese modern history of struggle, highlighted to show the history and development of the founding of the Communist Party of China, full account of China given the Communist Party in the new democratic revolution and the socialist revolution and construction period and the new period of socialist construction since the reform and opening of the decisive role, were introduced by Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping as the representative more than 40 of the older generation of revolutionaries, as well as the cause of national liberation of the heroic revolutionary hero.
In the education of national unityIn the ancient history of China, it was revealed that since the Qin Dynasty, China has been a continuous and unified multi-ethnic country. In the modern history of China, it reflects the indomitable struggle of the various nationalities in China to achieve national independence and national liberation. Chinese in modern history, the various ethnic groups working together for common prosperity and development, to achieve national unity.
In the field of International Understanding EducationIn the history of the world, it focuses on the diversity of the origins of human civilization, the imbalance in the development of civilizations in different regions and major countries, and the diversity of world culture.
It is worth mentioning that the new history textbook attaches great importance to strengthening the state sovereignty consciousness and marine consciousness education, to the historical facts as the basis, Tibet, Xinjiang, Taiwan and on the islands of the South China Sea Islands and the Diaoyu Islands, such as China's inalienable part of history.