The national primary and secondary schools have ushered in the opening quarter, September 1st, the students began to use a three Textbook -- the "pep" textbook cancelled; science is a compulsory course in primary and secondary schools; starting grade will use the new version of the re enactment of the Chinese textbook,Chinese textbooks will end the era of "one class, many books" and carry out the national general purpose.
Compared with the traditional textbook
The new textbook 3 what is the difference?
Textbook editor, one by one inventory
The chief editor of Chinese textbooks and Professor Wen Rumin, Professor of Chinese Studies at Peking University
Chen Xianyun, executive editor of Chinese language teaching materials
Professor Ye Xiaobing, Department of history, Capital Normal University
Dean of the Institute of government by law, China University of Political Science and Law, Wang Jingbo
Chinese textbook has experienced 5 years of carving
From 2012 to start, and this year to complete the preparation of the work
Write teams of up to more than 140 people
Including the national well-known experts, excellent teaching and research staff and front-line teachers
The writing process goes through four stages
That is, "development outline" - writing sample chapters - writing the first draft - revised and perfected"
After the compilation is completed
The trial teaching was carried out in more than 10 provinces and more than 300 schools
Teachers in 9 provinces of eastern and Western fine reading of teaching materials
Each department please more than 100 teachers reading textbooks
7 points of the new textbook
Students learn pinyin more than 1 months after the push
Wen Rumin introduced, "Chinese" teaching materials moderately reduced the difficulty of Hanyu Pinyin teaching, Pinyin teaching pushed back for more than a month. At the beginning of the lesson, the text is "heaven, earth, man, you, me, he," and "gold, wood, water, fire, earth"". Why is it arranged like this? Is to help children build the original feeling of Chinese characters, the first impression of a school is Chinese characters, not ABC, Bo, Po, Mo, fo. Considering that many primary school students are learning English in the first grade, it is difficult to mix English with Bo, Po, Mo and fo.In addition, the study of the low common words turned out to be 1800 words, now reduced to 1600 words, used to read and write, think, now that that write less, 1600 words in 800 words will be written on it, does not necessarily require all write, but the overall goal is to hope that under the second grade the term can be roughly independent reading.<1Two3>2
The quantity of the text decreases and the amount of reading increases
Wen Rumin said that the various versions of Chinese textbooks before the popular curriculum, pay attention to arouse the interest of students, often use "text". The new textbooks in both times at the same time, emphasizing the classic, quality and beauty and suitable for teaching.
You will find that many of the classic text back, yet the "text" precipitation is relatively less.
Chen Xianyun said that the number of texts in the new textbooks has decreased, but the reading has increased greatly, mainly reflected in extracurricular reading. For example, the new textbook adds "happy reading" column every semester, each time arranges one kind of reading type. The second grade I require students to read at least "meitounao and unhappy" this book.<12Three>
A substantial increase in ancient poetry contents etc.
One of the new teaching materials of concern is the study of ancient poetry changes greatly increased. Primary school 6 grades, 12 books, there are 129 ancient poetry, the average 20 per grade, accounting for about 30% of the total text. 132 essays on ancient Chinese poetry in junior high school.
Selections from diverse genres, "Book of Songs" to the Qing Dynasty poems, from Zhuzi prose to historical prose, from the Han Dynasty to the Tang and song prose, essays in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, has been presented.
The withdrawal of Lu Xun's works in Chinese Textbooks
In recent years, public opinion on the "Lu Xun article in the language of the big withdrawal" remarks, Wen Rumin responded that "no such thing."".He said the new Chinese textbook in primary school, two were included in Lu Xun's works, including "Youth" Runtu, selected six junior high school Lu Xun's works, including "from Baicao garden to Sanwei", the number of textbooks and the past is.
Wen Rumin said, in more than 10 years, changes in the structure of the materials, such as high school, the 1.7Five school year is compulsory, 1.25 school year compulsory elective, the overall reduction, Lu Xun's works also reduced some, some in the elective courses. In the new textbooks, Lu Xun's works still retain a certain proportion.
The science class will be required for the first year of primary school
Compared with the curriculum standard for compulsory education (Grade 3-6) (experimental version) published in 2001, the new curriculum standards willThe nature of science course is changed from "Enlightenment Course" to "basic course""Status is more important. Besides the scientific knowledge, scientific inquiry and scientific attitude, the goal of the curriculum is also
New teaching objectives of "science, technology, society and environment"Students are required to understand the impact of human activities on the natural environment and social change, and to consider the value orientation of ethics in the study of science and technology.
In the aspect of teaching content, the new revised curriculum standard has added the relevant contents of the field of technology and engineering, and has paid more attention to training children's innovative ability, hands-on and practical ability.
Experts believe that the improvement of the status of science courses in primary schools represents the importance of scientific literacy in the education sector, but it is not enough to rely solely on classes in scientific education, and should arouse the attention of the whole society.Six
History lessons are reduced by rote practice
Ye Xiaobing pointed out that the new history textbooks in junior high school are arranged in accordance with the "point" and "line" method. The "point" is a specific and vivid historical fact, and the "line" is the basic law of social development. The new textbook is improved after class exercises, less choice, fill in the blanks, and the explanation of noun needs mechanical memorizing topics, increase students appreciation, resolution, comparative and comprehensive activities, hope the students review in activity and enhance understanding.
Related to the "Treaty of Shimonoseki" of the "Sino Japanese War" as an example, after-school activities do not require students to repeat the "Treaty of Shimonoseki" signed at the time and place and terms, but let students think: "after the signing of the" Treaty of Shimonoseki, the Qing government to allow foreign capital invested to set up factories in China. Today, foreign capital can also set up factories in China. What is the essential difference between them?
Morality and the rule of law: from morality to morality and the rule of law"
After putting new textbooks into use,The original "moral" class to "morality and law", stressed in German law. Wang Jingbo said that the new textbook is characterized by the spirit of the constitution as the main line, starting from student life, and knowledge, ideas, behavior choice integration. When writing, we should pay attention to the daily life of the law and guide students to understand and identify the spirit of the rule of law from the experience of the students, thus forming a belief in the rule of law.
Primary school moral teaching and the rule of law consists of 12 volumes, the sixth grade primary school, junior middle school grade eight volume set to the rule of law education, teaching and strengthen the system of constitution. There are 6 books on morality and law in junior high school, which are arranged around individuals, families, schools, societies, countries and the world.
How to change the three major subjects?
Chinese excellent cultural tradition education
Department of materials to fully implement the education of Chinese traditional culture, to cultivate students' sense of traditional culture, enhance the understanding of traditional culture and identity:Chinese
The number of poems selected poems in primary school has increased 129, junior 132, based on the ancient poems, such as "Mulan poem" "Benjamin agriculture" "Zi Yin", there are some classical Chinese, such as "< >" "great determination and courage; the Analects; the twelve chapter" etc.;
The teaching materials are mainly embodied in the ancient Chinese history, covering many aspects of ancient Chinese thought, literature, art, science and technology, involving more than 40 historical and cultural celebrities, and more than 30 books on science, technology and culture;
Morality and the rule of law
Introduced traditional festivals, folk songs, folk songs, traditional virtues, national spirit and so on.
The 28 morning, the Ministry of Education held a press conference, unified work of the three materials were introduced.
education in revolutionary tradition
Included a large number of revolutionary tradition of classical works, such as "Bethune Memorial" to "serving the people" and "founding ceremony" in the primary school, about 40 articles, more than 30 articles of junior high school;
There are 2 books about the establishment, development and historical facts of the socialist revolution, construction and reform by the Communist Party of China, involving more than 40 revolutionaries of the older generation;
Morality and the rule of law
Recount the revolutionary leader, heroes and revolutionary events and other representative content, inheritance and speak "Jinggangshan spirit", "Long March Spirit" and "two bombs and one satellite" spirit "manned space spirit".
National sovereignty Education
Textbooks focus on strengthening national unity education, national sovereignty and marine awareness education, and international understanding education, for example:
It is revealed that since Qin Dynasty, China has been a continuous and unified multi-ethnic country;
On the basis of historical facts, the historical origins of Tibet, Xinjiang, Taiwan and affiliated islands, Diaoyu Islands and South China Sea Islands as an inseparable part of China are described;In the history of the world, it focuses on the diversity of the origin of human civilization, the diversity of world culture, the concept of peace loving and the sense of hardship.
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